The Battle of Long Island was the first display of British military power. They were out-manned, outgunned and outmaneuvered in Boston and eventually were forced to retreat. Although they were embarrassed in Boston, General William Howe knew that the key to the Americas was New York. If the British were able to control New York than they would be able to cut the colonies in half. Boston, although a large city, did not offer any tactical advantage. George Washington was assigned a near impossible job. [Read more…]
The Battle of Cowpens took place in South Carolina colony and was a turning point in the Southern Campaign. Nathanael Greene borrowed Morgans use of militia in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse which resulted in a British massacre. Although the British took the field their casualties were so high that it was impossible for Cornwallis to continue. He began his retreat which would result in him being cornered in Yorktown. Cornwallis was once again bested by Greene. [Read more…]
The Continental Army had suffered crushing defeats in the Southern Colonies. General George Washington had seen one army captured in the Siege of Charleston and another one destroyed in the Battle of Camden. The morale of the war in the south was not good to say the least. However, there was one bright spot and that was Nathanael Greene.
Nathanael Greene was a former Quaker from Rhode Island who had served in the Rhode Island militia as a young man and had managed to rise through the ranks on his own merit. He was a brilliant tactician and a great administrator. He served George Washington as a Quartermaster General. Although Greene preferred it on the battlefield he served well and re-organized the supply lines of the Continental Army. When, General Horatio Gates fled from battle and then replaced by Greene. [Read more…]
The Battle of Camden took place in South Carolina colony and was a disaster. When confronted by the British regulars the Continental militia fled and General Horatio Gates fled as well. The Continental Army was dishonored and looked to be heading towards obliteration until George Washington was finally allowed to put his man in charge. Although Camden was a disaster it would become a turning point for the Americans. General George Washington sent in Nathanael Greene to lead the battered troops. Under Greene’s leadership the Americans would corner Cornwallis in Yorktown. [Read more…]
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775 and was a costly victory for the British and became a great piece of propaganda for those pushing for the Declaration of Independence. In this battle two key players in the Battles of Lexington and Concord would fall and the provincials would gain the respect of the British regulars. It would become the bloodiest battle of the American Revolutionary War and would provide history with a symbol of early American resiliency. New heroes from both sides would emerge from the fog that lifted after battles end as would a renewed spirit for fighting. [Read more…]