John Thomas was an American doctor and soldier from Massachusetts Bay who became a major general in the Continental Army. He was a leader during the siege of Boston. Thomas briefly commanded the withdrawal from Canada after the unsuccessful invasion by the Continental Army. He died from smallpox during the retreat. [Read more…]
The most infamous pirate of the Caribbean is Blackbeard. The name Blackbeard is synonymous with pirate and has appeared in many books, movies, video games, and other forms of media throughout the centuries. However, despite being the most famous his real name lies in mystery. Many believed that his real name is Edward Teach or Edward Thatch but that has been disputed. Regardless, Blackbeard was one of the most successful and feared pirates that sailed the Spanish main. [Read more…]
In the beginning of the 17th century, at the time of first contact with the English, the Wampanoag lived in southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, a territory that encompassed present-day Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket islands. Their population numbered in the thousands due to the richness of the environment and their cultivation of corn, beans and squash. Three thousand Wampanoag lived on Martha’s Vineyard alone.
From 1615 to 1619, the Wampanoag suffered an epidemic, long suspected to be smallpox. Early twenty-first century research has suggested that it was leptospirosis, a bacterial infection also known as Weil’s syndrome or 7-day fever. It caused a high fatality rate and nearly destroyed the society. Researchers say that the losses from the epidemic were so large that English colonists were more easily able to found their settlements in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in later years. More than 50 years later, the King Philip’s War of Indian allies against the English colonists resulted in the deaths of 40 percent of the surviving tribe. Most of the male Wampanoag were sold into slavery in Bermuda or the West Indies. Many women and children were enslaved by colonists in New England. [Read more…]
One of the most recognized Indian tribe names in the Ohio country was the Shawnee. They were known to be fierce warriors and to occupy much of the Ohio river valley. They were involved in every major war that took place in the Americas up until the War of 1812. Their names show up during the French and Indian Wars, American Revolution, and they were well-known by pioneers such as Daniel Boone. [Read more…]
Johann de Kalb was a Bavarian-French officer that served as a major General for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was known as one of the best field commanders of the war and fell in battle due to incompetent leadership from Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden. [Read more…]