The 1920s timeline was one of the most exciting times in American History. At least that is how it has been romanticized.
It was the decade women got the right to vote, Prohibition, Bootlegging, Gangsters, and Motion Pictures.
There were many technological advances during this time, but by the end of this glitzy decade, America found itself in economic disaster when the stock market fell and many lost their life savings.
January 16, 1920:
The 18th amendment had been long debated and was finally put in place on January 16. It was spearheaded by the Women’s Temperance movement that began shortly after the Civil War and gained popularity during the rest of the 19th century.
Prohibition made it so alcohol could not be made, sold, or transported in the United States.
August 18, 1920
The 19th amendment was passed and women were given the right to vote. The Christian Women Temperance Movement had been growing in influence and had gone mainstream.
They led the charge for Prohibition and eventually put enough political pressure on the nation that politicians gave them the right to vote.
The President at the time, Woodrow Wilson, quietly supported women’s suffrage but said it was a state’s issue. His opinion changed when the amendment was passed.
March 4, 1921
Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany.
While he had not risen to power yet he was beginning to gain traction. Germany was still angry over the harsh sanctions put on them after the completion of World War I and Hitler was able to play in that situation.
October 30, 1922
Benito Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy.
August 2, 1923
After many scandals and failures, Warren G. Harding’s presidency ends when he dies in office. Calvin Coolidge takes over as President.
October 15, 1923
The New York Yankees, led by Babe Ruth, defeat the New York Giants to win their first World Series in franchise history. They would go on to dominate the decade and many decades after that. Babe Ruth was unanimously voted the American League MVP.
February 22, 1924
Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a Presidential address over the radio.
May 10, 1924
J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
November 4, 1924
Calvin Coolidge defeats John Davis for President of the United States.
November 27, 1924
The first Macy’s day parade is held in New York City.
April 10, 1925
F. Scott publishes the Great Gatsby
May 5, 1925
Biology teacher John Scopes is arrested for teaching Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. This led to what became known as the Scopes Monkey Trial.
June 6, 1925
The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
July 10, 1925
The Scopes Monkey Trial begins.
November 28, 1925
The Grand Ole Opry’s first broadcast on WSM radio, Nashville, Tennessee.
March 16, 1926
Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts
June 19, 1926
DeFord Bailey is the first African-American to perform on Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry
November 15, 1926
The NBC Radio network opens with 24 stations.
The first transatlantic telephone call is made from New York City to London
April 22 – May 5
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 affects 700,000 people in the greatest national disaster in U.S. history at this time
the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded
May 20 – 21
Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight, from New York to Paris in the single-seat, single-engine monoplane Spirit of St. Louis.
Nearly 600 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers view the first live demonstration of television at the Bell Telephone Building in New York.
President Calvin Coolidge announces that he will not seek a second term in office.
The Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (later known as CBS) is formed and goes on the air with 47 radio stations.
Ford reveals the Model A as the model to replace the legendary Model T.
6th Pan-American Conference opens in Havana. Calvin Coolidge becomes the last sitting U.S. President until 2016 to visit Cuba.
Charles Lindbergh is awarded the Medal of Honor for his first transatlantic flight.
The short animated cartoon titled Plane Crazy is released by Disney Studios in Los Angeles. This is the first appearance of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.
Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first woman to successfully cross the Atlantic Ocean. Wilmer Stultz was the pilot.
Jean Lussier goes over Niagara Falls in a rubber ball
Richard Byrd leaves New York for the Arctic
The Boston Garden opens in Boston, Massachusetts
Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon released, but the first sound film.
Congress approved the construction of the Boulder Dam later renamed the Hoover Dam.
Martin Luther King Jr is born.
The St. Valentine Massacre occurs. Gangster Al Capone kills seven rival gangsters.
The San Francisco Bridge, the longest bridge in America, opens.
Herbert Hoover is sworn in as President.
The National Crime Syndicate is formed in Atlantic City.
The 1st Academy Awards are presented at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, California, with Wings winning Academy Award for Best Picture.
Al Capone and his bodyguard are arrested for concealed weapons.
The Wickersham Commission begins its investigation of alcohol prohibition in America.
The first demonstration of color television takes place in New York City.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average(DJIA) peaks at 381.17, a height it would not reach again until November 1954.
JC Penney opens store in Delaware becoming a nationwide retail store present in all 48 states.
October 24 – 29
The Stock Market Crashes and creates chaos throughout the country. This is marked as the beginning of the Great Depression.
U.S. President Herbert Hoover announces to Congress that the worst effects of the recent stock market crash are behind the nation and that the American people have regained faith in the economy.