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1920s Timeline

1920s Timeline

The 1920s timeline was one of the most exciting times in American History. At least that is how it has been romanticized.

It was the decade women got the right to vote, Prohibition, Bootlegging, Gangsters, and Motion Pictures. 

There were many technological advances during this time, but by the end of this glitzy decade, America found itself in economic disaster when the stock market fell and many lost their life savings.

1920

January 16, 1920:

The 18th amendment had been long debated and was finally put in place on January 16. It was spearheaded by the Women’s Temperance movement that began shortly after the Civil War and gained popularity during the rest of the 19th century. 

Prohibition made it so alcohol could not be made, sold, or transported in the United States.

August 18, 1920

The 19th amendment was passed and women were given the right to vote. The Christian Women Temperance Movement had been growing in influence and had gone mainstream.

They led the charge for Prohibition and eventually put enough political pressure on the nation that politicians gave them the right to vote.

The President at the time, Woodrow Wilson, quietly supported women’s suffrage but said it was a state’s issue. His opinion changed when the amendment was passed.

1921

March 4, 1921

Warren G. Harding is sworn in as the 29th President of the United States

July 1921

Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany. 

While he had not risen to power yet he was beginning to gain traction. Germany was still angry over the harsh sanctions put on them after the completion of World War I and Hitler was able to play in that situation.

1922

October 30, 1922

Benito Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy. 

1923

August 2, 1923

After many scandals and failures, Warren G. Harding’s presidency ends when he dies in office. Calvin Coolidge takes over as President.

October 15, 1923

The New York Yankees, led by Babe Ruth, defeat the New York Giants to win their first World Series in franchise history. They would go on to dominate the decade and many decades after that. Babe Ruth was unanimously voted the American League MVP.

1924

February 22, 1924

Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a Presidential address over the radio.

May 10, 1924

J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

November 4, 1924

Calvin Coolidge defeats John Davis for President of the United States.

1920s Timeline

November 27, 1924

The first Macy’s day parade is held in New York City.

1925

April 10, 1925

F. Scott publishes the Great Gatsby

May 5, 1925

Biology teacher John Scopes is arrested for teaching Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. This led to what became known as the Scopes Monkey Trial.

June 6, 1925

The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.

July 10, 1925

The Scopes Monkey Trial begins.

November 28, 1925

The Grand Ole Opry’s first broadcast on WSM radio, Nashville, Tennessee.

1926

March 16, 1926

Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts

June 19, 1926

DeFord Bailey is the first African-American to perform on Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry

November 15, 1926

The NBC Radio network opens with 24 stations.

1927

January 7

The first transatlantic telephone call is made from New York City to London

April 22 – May 5

The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 affects 700,000 people in the greatest national disaster in U.S. history at this time

May 11

the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded

May 20 – 21

Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight, from New York to Paris in the single-seat, single-engine monoplane Spirit of St. Louis.

May 23

Nearly 600 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers view the first live demonstration of television at the Bell Telephone Building in New York.

August 2

President Calvin Coolidge announces that he will not seek a second term in office.

September 18

The Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (later known as CBS) is formed and goes on the air with 47 radio stations.

December 2

Ford reveals the Model A as the model to replace the legendary Model T.

1928

January 16

6th Pan-American Conference opens in Havana. Calvin Coolidge becomes the last sitting U.S. President until 2016 to visit Cuba.

March 21

Charles Lindbergh is awarded the Medal of Honor for his first transatlantic flight.

May 15

The short animated cartoon titled Plane Crazy is released by Disney Studios in Los Angeles. This is the first appearance of Mickey and Minnie Mouse.

June 17

Aviator Amelia Earhart starts her attempt to become the first woman to successfully cross the Atlantic Ocean. Wilmer Stultz was the pilot.

July 4

Jean Lussier goes over Niagara Falls in a rubber ball

September 1

Richard Byrd leaves New York for the Arctic

November 6

Herbert Hoover wins the election of 1928 and becomes the 31st President of the United States.

November 17

The Boston Garden opens in Boston, Massachusetts

November 18

Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon released, but the first sound film.

December 21

Congress approved the construction of the Boulder Dam later renamed the Hoover Dam.

1929

January 15

Martin Luther King Jr is born.

February 14

The St. Valentine Massacre occurs. Gangster Al Capone kills seven rival gangsters.

March 2

The San Francisco Bridge, the longest bridge in America, opens.

March 4

Herbert Hoover is sworn in as President.

May 13

The National Crime Syndicate is formed in Atlantic City.

May 16

The 1st Academy Awards are presented at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, California, with Wings winning Academy Award for Best Picture. 

May 17

Al Capone and his bodyguard are arrested for concealed weapons.

May 20

The Wickersham Commission begins its investigation of alcohol prohibition in America.

June 27

The first demonstration of color television takes place in New York City.

September 3

The Dow Jones Industrial Average(DJIA) peaks at 381.17, a height it would not reach again until November 1954.

October 11

JC Penney opens store in Delaware becoming a nationwide retail store present in all 48 states.

October 24 – 29

The Stock Market Crashes and creates chaos throughout the country. This is marked as the beginning of the Great Depression.

December 3

U.S. President Herbert Hoover announces to Congress that the worst effects of the recent stock market crash are behind the nation and that the American people have regained faith in the economy.

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