Roger Sherman is well-known for what he did after the American Revolutionary War, however he was also the only of the Declaration of Independence signers that signed all four of the important American documents: The Declaration of Independence, Articles of Association, Articles of Confederation, and The Constitution. Sherman was born in 1721 in Massachusetts. His family moved to New Milford, Connecticut shortly after his father died. Once arriving in New Milford, Sherman began to quickly gain influence in the community. He opened the towns first store and became a surveyor. He was a skilled mathematician which aided him in his store, surveying, astronomical calculations and logic. A friend advised him to read for the bar. Sherman did and was successful even though he was not formally educated in the law. He held various positions in law before becoming a professor of religion at Yale College. Politically Sherman was always a force, but his first significant office came in 1784 when he was elected Mayor of New Haven.
In 1775 he was present at the Second Continental Congress and he actively served throughout the war. He was part of the committee of five that help draft the Declaration of Independence, which was authored by Thomas Jefferson on John Adams‘ recommendation. and was well-respected by the delegates.
However, Sherman’s defining moment was not the Declaration of Independence, although it was patriotic, but it was the Constitution. The Constitutional Convention was headed up by George Washington and was at a stalemate. Large states like Virginia had more representation and was able to push their will upon the smaller states like Rhode Island. The smaller states argued that the representation should be equal per state, but the large states did not believe that would be fair since their states had more people living in them.
Sherman, came up with what is called the Great Compromise, which was supported by Benjamin Franklin. He proposed that the states should be represented in proportion of their population in the lower house. In the upper house, which would be called The Senate, each state would be represented by two senators. This was an ingenious idea and solved the problem.
Roger Sherman would serve as Mayor of New Haven until his death in 1793. He was buried in Grove Street Cemetery.