The Nanticoke tribe was a people group that consisted of several tribes:
- Nanticoke proper
Nanticoke proper History
The Nanticoke Tribe can trace its origins to Labrador, Canada, where they migrated through the Great Lakes region into the Ohio Valley and then to the east. This was a similar migration pattern to the Shawnee and Lenape tribes.
The English sought to establish a colony in the New World, and after failing in Roanoke, they were successful at Jamestown in 1605. Three years after Jamestown was founded, Captain John Smith came into contact with the Nanticoke tribe.
The Nanticoke quickly saw the English as powerful allies and created an alliance. They also traded beaver pelts with the colonists.
In 1684, the Nanticoke and English governments came to an agreement as to how to share the land among the natives and colonists
In 1742, the tribe met with neighboring tribes in nearby Wimbesoccom Neck to discuss a Shawnee plot to attack the local English settlers, but the gathering was discovered, and the leaders involved were arrested.
They moved upriver a decade later. They joined the Piscataway tribe and were both under the jurisdiction of the League of the Iroquois.
The reservation on Broad Creek was sold in 1768.
After the war, the British helped the Nanticoke tribe relocate to Ontario, Canada and gave them land to compensate for what was lost.
Some Nanticokes remained behind and settled in New York, while some joined the Lenape and migrated to Kansas.