The War of 1812 was fought between the years 1811 – 1815 with the last battle occurring after the Treaty of Ghent was signed.
War of 1812 battles was fought in the United States, on the western frontier, in the Great Lakes, Atlantic Ocean, and in Canada. It would be the last war between America and England and the two would become loyal allies.
Fortunately for the young United States, England was preoccupied in Europe with the Napoleonic Wars and could not give their full attention to America. Even-so, the British Army did well in the states and if they had been able to put all their resources into the war, then the war may have become a disaster for the United States.
War of 1812 Major Battles
Battle of Tippecanoe: (November 7, 1811) A tactical victory for the United States. Governor William Henry Harrison led 1,000 men to Prophetstown and defeated the natives in the area. After the defeat, Harrison and his men destroyed the town and their food supplies.
USS Constitution capture of the: HMS Java, HMS Macedonian, HMS Guerriere: (August – December 1812) American Naval Victory which showcased one of their new Warships, the USS Constitution. The new warship became legendary by the war’s end.
Battle of Frenchtown: (January 22, 1813) A series of conflicts that resulted in a tactical victory for the United States during the first battle and a complete victory for the British and their Native Allies during the second battle. It is also known as the River Raisin Massacre.
Battle of York: (April 17, 1813) American forces burned York, the capital of Upper Canada, after defeating British and Canadian forces.
Battle of Lake Erie: (September 13, 1813) Oliver Hazard Perry led a group of Americans to victory over the British navy. It gave the United States control of the lake.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend: (March 27, 1814) Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Stick Creeks. After their defeat, he forced them to cede 23 million acres to the United States. This land would eventually become the future state of Alabama and an extension of Georgia.
Battle of Lundy’s Lane: (July 25, 1814) A decisive British victory that kept the United States out of Canada for good. Also known as the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812.
Burning of Washington: (August 24, 1814): Also known as the Battle of Bladensburg. The British routed the Americans at their capital and set the White House on fire. It would be the only time that the nation’s capital was occupied by a foreign country.
Battle of Plattsburgh: (September 11, 1814) One of the largest naval battles of the war. The result was a decisive victory for the United States.
Battle of Fort McHenry: (September 12 – 13, 1814) Also known as the Battle of Baltimore. An American victory and the where Francis Scott Key wrote the Star-Spangled Banner.