What colonies had the most people in 1775?
Here are the numbers in 1775:
- Virginia 447,016
- Pennsylvania 240,057
- Massachusetts 235,808
- Maryland 202,599
- North Carolina 197,200
- Connecticut 183,881
- New York 162,920
- South Carolina 124,244
- New Jersey 117,431
- Rhode Island 58,196
- New Hampshire 62,396
- Delaware 35,496
- Georgia 23,375
Interesting Facts About the 13 Colonies
- Virginia was the largest colony in population but did not rank in the top ten largest cities in Colonial America at the time. This was due to so many people living in the rural areas.
- Georgia was the smallest colony but was growing quickly. It had been a colony for under 50 years, founded by James Oglethorpe.
- Despite being the 2nd most populous colony, Pennsylvania was home to the largest city, which was Philadephia. This would be where the Continental Congresses would meet.
- Despite being the 7th most populous colony, New York was home to the 2nd largest city, New York City. After the American Revolution and the Constitutional Convention, the United States would hold its first census in 1790. New York City would be the largest city in America from 1790 until the present day.
- South Carolina and North Carolina were once combined as the Carolina Colony until South Carolina broke off. South Carolina would play a more important role in the American Revolutionary War than North Carolina. The most important battles were the Battle of Camden, Battle of Cowpens, Battle of Guilford Courthouse, and Battle of King's Mountain.
- Vermont, not listed here, was next to New Hampshire and had already begun to develop into their own colony. However, they would not be recognized until after the Constitution was ratified.
- Maryland became home to Baltimore, which would become one of the most important ports in America after the American Revolution.
- The total population of the colonies was approximately 2.5 million people. England was three times their size.