Why do I care about the Mayflower Passenger List and its family trees?
Studying these passengers, I came to realize the sacrifice, courage, and fear they must have felt. If I had studied these passengers when I was in middle school, I probably would not have cared much, but now that I have children and have gone through life a bit, I can not imagine pushing through that first winter.
- Members of the Leiden, Holland Congregation
- Allerton Family
- Bradford Family
- Brewster Family
- Carver Family
- Chilton Family
- Cooke Family
- Cooper Child
- Crackstone Family
- Fletcher Family
- Fuller Family
- Dr. Fuller Family
- Goodman Family
- Priest Family
- Rogers Family
- E. Tilley Family
- J. Tilley Family
- Tinker Family
- Turner Family
- White Family
- Williams Family
- Winslow Family
- Servants of the Leiden Congregation
- The More Children
- Remaining Servants
- Passengers recruited by Thomas Weston, of London Merchant Adventurers
- Billington Family
- Britteridge Family
- Brown Family
- Eaton Family
- Hopkins Family
- Margesson Family
- Martin Family
- Mullins Family
- Prower Family
- Rigsdale Family
- Standish Family
- Warren Family
- G. Winslow Family
- Servants of Merchant Adventurers passengers
Fathers lost sons and daughters. Husbands lost wives. Wives lost husbands, uncles, and aunts raised children that were left by their brothers and sisters, and kids that came over as servants were raised by other caregivers.
It was truly a community that managed to survive, even with half of its population dying within the first winter.
Other boats with more colonists would eventually arrive, but that first winter was harrowing. Squanto, Samoset, Chief Massasoit, and the rest of the Wampanoag tribe were God's providence for their survival, and although their truce would disappear in future generations (King Philip's War), it would be this generation that shows us what resilience and peace look like.
When I study their family trees, I see their triumph and heartbreak on a personal level, and I would not get that perspective otherwise.
Members of the Leiden, Holland Congregation
List of Mayflower passengers at the National Monument to the Forefathers
Note: An asterisk on a name indicates those who died in the winter of 1620–21.
Mary (Norris) Allerton
Mary Allerton - She died in 1699 as the last surviving Mayflower passenger.
William Bradford (1590 - 1657) - An influential leader within the colony. He would become the governor of Plymouth Colony and deliver a first-hand account of what took place in the colony.
Dorothy May (1597 – 1620) - First wife who died in Provincetown from drowning after accidentally falling off the Mayflower. The couple had one son.
Alice Carpenter (1589 – 1670) - Second wife and widow. She arrived in Plymouth in 1623. She and William would have three children together.
John Bradford (1618 – 1676) - Did not arrive on the Mayflower and would not see his father nor meet his siblings about 20 years after the trip to Plymouth.
William Bradford Jr (1624 – 1704) - Firstborn for William and his second wife. Would become Lt. Governor of Plymouth.
Mercy Bradford (1627 – 1657) - Married Benjamin Vermayes but would die in 1657. She would be the first of William's children to pass away.
Joseph Bradford (1630 – 1715) -Youngest of the siblings, he would grow up to outlive all of them. He had three children and owned an inn.
William Brewster (1566 - 1644) - Elder of the congregation and one of the more educated who arrived on the Mayflower. He would serve the colony faithfully until his death in 1644.
Mary Brewster (1568 - 1627) - The only wife of William, whose maiden name is unknown. She died in 1627, seven years after arriving at Plymouth.
Love Brewster (1614 - 1651) - The oldest son who arrived with William on the Mayflower. He would outlive his father and help settle his estate.
Wrestling Brewster (1614 - 1627) - According to William Bradford, Wrestling died at 13 years old. He was unmarried.
John Carver (1584 - 1621) - First Governor of Plymouth Colony and credited for writing the Mayflower Compact. He died during the first year of the colony's existence.
Katherine White (1584 - 1621) - She was an influential member of the congregation. After her husband's sudden death, she died 5 to 6 weeks later.
James Chilton (1556 - 1620) - He is recognized as the oldest Pilgrim to make the trip to Plymouth Rock. He signed the Mayflower Compact but died while still on the Mayflower.
Mrs. James (1564 - 1621) - Her name is unknown. She died shortly after her husband while the Mayflower was docked.
Mary Chilton (1607 - 1679) - She survived the first winter and would eventually marry John Winslow.
Francis Cooke - Must of his life prior to the Plymouth is unknown. He survived the hard times, and he would have 6 children live until adulthood. He originally came over with his oldest son and would later be joined by his wife.
John Cooke - Would grow up to be an old man in Plymouth Colony. Later in his life, it is said that he was cast out of the church due to the "error of Anabaptists."
Humility Cooper - baby daughter of Robert Cooper, in the company of her aunt Agnes Cooper Tilley, wife of Edward Tilley, both of whom died during the first winter. She most likely returned to England when she was 19.
John Crackstone - Originally began the journey on the Speedwell until a leak sunk the ship, and the passengers were forced to merge on the Mayflower. He would sign the Mayflower Compact but would be one of the first deaths in Plymouth.
John Crackstone Jr. - Arrived on the Mayflower with his father. After his father's death, he would be given land. He would, unfortunately, die 6 or 7 years later when he became lost in the woods and his feet froze.
Moses Fletcher - He came to the New World alone and died the first year before his wife and surviving children could join him. His children stayed in the Netherlands, where they lived for generations. While it is possible that an ancestor eventually migrated to America, it would have most likely been after the country was founded.
Edward Fuller - He and his wife came to the New World and brought one son while possibly leaving another behind. He would sign the Mayflower Compact prior to leaving the Mayflower, but he and his wife would not make it through the first winter
Unknown Wife - Her name is in dispute and is not recognized by the Mayflower Society. We do know that she and her husband died around the same time.
Samuel Fuller - There were two Samuels that came over on the Mayflower. One was Edward's brother, and the other was his son. His son would survive and end up becoming one of the last surviving Mayflower passengers in Plymouth.
Dr. Fuller Family
Dr. Samuel Fuller - He was the brother of Edward Fuller and the surgeon for the Pilgrims. His wife and daughter come over later on another ship to be with him. He would also raise his nephew Samuel. The good doctor was well-respected, a deacon, and after his death, spoken well of in the memoirs of William Bradford.
John Goodman - Little is known of him except that he signed the Mayflower Compact and had an incident in the woods that resulted in severe frostbite. He had the first recorded wolf attack in the New World and most likely died of sickness during the first winter.
Degory Priest - There is not much known about his parents, but while in Holland, he seemed to have some influence. He boarded the Mayflower for Plymouth and left his family behind to come over when the colony was developed. He would die during the first winter shortly after arriving.
Thomas Rogers - He was not a Separatist but instead a merchant who came to the New World for business opportunities. He had become friends with many Pilgrims prior to sailing to Plymouth. He arrived with his oldest son but, unfortunately, was not prepared for the harsh conditions and died within the first year.
E. Tilley Family
Edward Tilley - Was born in England and, after his marriage, moved to Leiden. He traveled with his wife on the Mayflower and would unfortunately not make it past the first winter.
Ann Cooper - The wife of Edward, who was accompanied by her orphaned niece and nephew. She would die shortly after her husband's death in 1621.
Henry Samson - He came over with his uncle Edward at the age of 16.
J. Tilley Family
John Tilley - He first board the Speedwell and then was forced to make the journey on the Mayflower. He made the journey with his wife and daughter. Unfortunately, he and his wife would die the first winter, leaving their daughter an orphan.
Thomas Tinker - He was a Pilgrim on the Mayflower who arrived in Plymouth with his young wife and son. He would sign the Mayflower Compact, but unfortunately, his family would not survive the first winter.
Mrs. Thomas Tinker
John Turner - He was a merchant and also a Separatist who came to Leiden with William Bradford and others. He helped carry messages back and forth from Holland and England for the Congregation. He, unfortunately, died along with his two boys during the first winter.
Son Turner (1615 - 1620) - Died during the first winter
Son Turner (1616 - 1620) - Died during the first winter
William White - He came over on the Mayflower with his wife and two servants. His son would be born while in the harbor shortly before settling the colony. He would die during the first winter.
Susannah White - After being widowed with two young boys, she remarried Edward Winslow.
Resolved White - He would marry and continue his father's name after his death.
Peregrine White - Was born on the Mayflower and would be one of the longest-surviving passengers on the Mayflower.
Thomas Williams - There is little known of him except that he came over alone and was one of the first to die during the first winter.
Edward Winslow - He was an influential member of the Separatists and became Governor three times during his lifetime. He also served as a diplomat to England and developed a friendship with Oliver Cromwell.
Elizabeth Barker - She died during the first winter at Plymouth Colony.
Servants of the Leiden Congregation
William Button - He was an indentured servant to Dr. Samuel Fuller and was a very young man. He is the only person to die on the voyage. He died three days before they reached Cape Cod.
Dorothy - The last name is unknown. She was a maidservant to John Carver.
John Hooke - He was only 13 and had an apprenticeship with Isaac Allerton. He did not survive the brutal weather of the first winter.
John Howland - He was an apprentice to John Carver when they arrived in Plymouth. After the Carver's died, he would inherit their land. He married Elizabeth Tilley, and the two would have one of the largest families in Plymouth, which resulted in having some of the most modern-day descendants.
William Latham - Served as an indentured servant for John Carver and William Bradford. Later in life, he tried to begin a new colony in the Bahamas, where he died.
Desire Minter - She arrived in Plymouth with John Carver and his wife, but after their death, she probably returned to England on the Fortune.
The More Children
The More children were sent on the Mayflower by their legal father, Samuel More, a noble. Unfortunately, all of them had been born through an adulterous relationship and were not an heir to Samuel. He placed them on the Mayflower and provided 50 acres of land for them in Virginia when they were old enough. He believed it would help them avoid the scorn they would have to endure in England due to their mother.
Ellen More - She was the servant of Edward Winslow and died during the first winter of an illness.
Jasper More - He was an indentured servant to John Carver who died on board the Mayflower in 1620. He was only 7 years old.
Richard More - He was 6 years old when he arrived in Plymouth. He would be the only one of his siblings to survive the first winter and would be the last surviving male passenger of the Mayflower. He was indentured to William Brewster.
Mary More - She was an indentured servant of William Brewster at 4 years old. She died in the first winter of the colony.
George Soule - Came over to the New World as an indentured servant and would become an influential citizen and wealthy landowner in Plymouth. Many descendants trace their ancestry back to the Soule Family.
Elias Story - There is not much known about him. He did not sign the Mayflower Compact, which meant he was younger and came over under the care of Edward Winslow. He died the first winter.
Roger Wilder - He came over as a servant to John Carver. He was a young man and unable to sign the Mayflower Compact. He, along with the Carvers, would not survive the first winter.
Passengers recruited by Thomas Weston, of London Merchant Adventurers
John Billington - He was the first Englishman to be executed after he shot and killed a man. Most said the killing was an accident, but it did not matter. He was executed in 1630.
Eleanor Billington - She remarried after his death.
John Billington Jr. - Died before his father.
Francis Billington - After beginning as a troublemaker, he seemed to clean up and do well. He and his wife had many children.
Richard Britteridge - He died shortly after arriving in Plymouth.
Peter Browne - He came over as a Stranger and would live in Plymouth for 13 years until his death. He married twice and had four children.
Richard Clark - He was believed to be around 21 years old. He did not survive the first winter.
Francis Eaton - He and his wife came over on the Mayflower with a small child. His wife passed away shortly after arriving, and he would remarry twice.
Sarah Eaton - She died during the first winter.
Samuel Eaton - Firstborn son who would grow up in Plymouth with his siblings. He never got to know his mother. Gardiner, Richard (Harwich, Essex).
Stephen Hopkins - He is often not put into the same category as other influential Pilgrims, but his influence was vital. He helped negotiate with the Natives, brought money into the colony, and helped govern. He was also skilled as a seaman and had experience in Jamestown prior to Plymouth.
Elizabeth Hopkins - His second wife. She had 7 children along with his previous children from his first marriage.
Giles Hopkins - His eldest son, who seemed to be laid back. He helped with the Pequot War but did not have much influence within his family. He would outlive his other brothers and have a large family.
Constance Hopkins - She married in Plymouth and would produce many children.
Damaris Hopkins - Arrived in Plymouth and survived the first winter but died shortly after.
Oceanus Hopkins - As his name suggests, he was born on the Ocean. He also survived the first winter but did not live long after.
Edmund Margesson - He arrived in Plymouth ready for adventure. He died during the first winter along with the other Pilgrims.
Christopher Martin - He was an influential voice during the colonies' infancy and someone that John Carver relied on. Unfortunately became sick and never made it past the first winter.
Mary Martin - She died a few days after her husband. The couple did not have any children.
William Mullins - He had a successful trade in England and came to North America as a Stranger. He would die during the first winter.
Alice Mullins - She came to Plymouth with her husband and died shortly after him.
Priscilla Mullins - She married and had 10 children. Her family would be founding members of Duxbury.
Joseph Mullins - He came over on the Mayflower and did not survive the first winter.
Solomon Prower - He arrived in Plymouth with his stepdad, Christopher Martin, and his mother, Mary. Unfortunately, he would die during the first winter.
John Rigsdale - He was unknown and died within the first winter.
Alice Rigsdale - She was unknown and died during the first winter.
Myles Standish - He was the military expert that accompanies the Pilgrims to Plymouth. He also traveled back to England multiple times to speak with the investors who sponsored the trip. His actions were sometimes harsh, but he seemed to be well-respected among the Pilgrims.
Rose Standish - She accompanied her husband to Plymouth but did not survive the first winter.
Richard Warren - His wife would migrate over three years later with his five daughters. Despite dying in 1628, Warren has the most descendants of any passenger on the Mayflower.
G. Winslow Family
Gilbert Winslow - He was the brother of Edward, who arrived in Plymouth as a Stranger. He returned to England prior to 1627.
Servants of Merchant Adventurers passengers
Robert Carter - A teenager who arrived as a servant to William Mullins. He would not survive the first winter.
Edward Doty - He was indentured to Stephen Hopkins. He would marry, have many children, and become successful in the colony. He was also known for his hot temper.
William Holbeck - There is not much known of him, and he would die during the first winter.
John Langemore - He was an indentured servant to Christopher Martin. Martin did not survive the first winter, and neither did Langemore.
Edward Leister - He was a handful, it seems, and after his contract was up, he traveled to Jamestown, where he died in 1622. He did sign the Mayflower Compact.
Edward Thompson - He would come over with William White and would, unfortunately, die during the first winter.